Ezra 1:1 gives us a “doctrine in a nutshell” for what we believe about scripture: “Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, in order to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah …”. We find two important, balancing truths about the word of God in this verse:
First, it is “the word of the Lord.” What Jeremiah spoke was not something he dreamed up; it was God’s word which was given through Him, just II Timothy 3:16 indicates: “All scripture is inspired by God” (literally, “God-breathed”).
But it is not as though God wrote the words with an unseen hand from heaven. He used the agency of a man, as the verse indicates: “… by the mouth of Jeremiah.” God used men, from Moses in the Pentateuch to John in Revelation, as well as many others in between, to give us His scriptures.
Thus we see the “two sides of the coin” of the doctrine of the inspiration of scripture here: it is “the word of the Lord”, “by the mouth of Jeremiah.” Scripture is given by God, through men He chose and inspired. II Peter 1:21 teaches this great truth in the New Testament: “men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God.”