Was Jesus Christ the Son of God, or man? The answer of traditional orthodox Christianity is: BOTH! The witness of the scriptures affirms this truth. One of these scriptures is Romans 1:3-4, “Who was born a descendant of David according to the flesh, who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead.” Here we find scriptural affirmation for the the full humanity, as well as the full Deity of Jesus Christ:
Verse 3 says that He “was born a descendant of David according to the flesh”. Jesus was a real, flesh-and-blood man, who was “born” in the flesh. We see elsewhere in the New Testament that He ate, slept, got hungry, and suffered pain. He was a “real” man, and His favorite title for Himself was “the Son of Man.”
But He was not only the Son of Man. Verse 4 says He “was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead.” Jesus was not merely a real man, He was also 100% God. John 1:1, speaking of Christ, says “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through Him, and without Him, nothing came into being that has come into being.”
Both of these assertions are vital. Jesus had to be both 100% man, and 100% God in order to effect our salvation on the cross. And Romans 1:3-4 tells us that is exactly who He was, just as the old hymn declares: “Beautiful Savior, Lord of all nations, Son of God, and Son of Man; glory and honor, praise, adoration, now and forever more be Thine”!